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Oct / Nov issue of The Irish Garden








What to do NOW: January 27 - February 2

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Tree

Trees, Shrubs and Roses

  • Bush roses, and repeat-flowering climbers, should be pruned in the next two weeks, if not already done.
  • Deciduous tree planting can continue if the ground is not too wet. 
  • Deciduous trees and shrubs can be moved at this time, if they were planted in the wrong place - even quite large shrubs move well mostly.
  • Gather fallen twigs that may have blown from trees during gales.
  • Hedges that have grown too tall or too wide can be cut back hard to old wood now, but not cypresses as these do not re-sprout.

More on Trees, Shrubs and Roses

Easy Care Trees | Shrubs | Hedges | Mixed borders

Flowers

Flowers

  • Old flower stems can be tidied away or they can be left on the soil surface as a mulch.
  • The lifting and dividing of over-grown herbaceous flowers can resume as soon as the soil is dry enough.
  • It is a good time to plant new perennial flowers too.
  • Seeds of geraniums, lobelia, busy lizzie and bedding begonias can be sown in a heated propagator.
  • In the next few weeks, the tubers of  dahlias,  begonias and gloxinias can be started in a greenhouse, or on a windowsill indoors. Set the tubers lightly onto moist compost in a seed tray or small pot.

More on Flowers

Easy Care Perennial flowers | Flower beds | Rockery | Containers

Lawn

Lawn

  • Lawn areas should be mown as early as possible in the year if possible. Do not mow too tightly at this stage, a topping is all that is required to keep it looking neat.
  • Lawn edges could be tidied too, using an edging shears or a strimmer.
  • If there is heavy moss growth, a lawn mosskiller can be applied at this stage, with lawn feeding later in spring to boost competitive grass growth.
  • Humps and hollows in a lawn can be removed while the soil is moist and the sods are easily lifted to add or take away soil.

More on Lawns

Easy Care Lawns

Fruit, Vegetables and Herbs

Fruit, Vegetables and Herbs

  • Early potatoes can be put in to sprout with a little warmth and good light for planting in the coming weeks, depending on the soil conditions.
  • Ground for vegetables should be cleared of weeds and cultivated for sowing the first seeds, as soon as the opportunity arises. Weeds could be removed or killed on vegetable ground.
  • Shallots and garlic can be planted early in dry weather..
  • Sow seeds of early varieties of cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, lettuce and onions in a tunnel or glasshouse to get a head-start on the season despite the conditions outdoors.
  • Fruit trees and bushes can be planted now and pruning completed.

More on Fruit, Vegetables and Herbs

Easy Care Fruit growing | Vegetables | Herbs

Greenhouse and House Plants

Greenhouse and House Plants

  • Permanent greenhouse plants that have grown too large can be pruned back in the next few weeks.
  • Grape mildew is a big problem on glasshouse grapevines but the rose sprays are very effective on mildew and these can be applied when the first new leaves appear.
  • Begin regular watering as the plants begin to make new growth. Feeding can begin too but there is still time as growth is still slow. 

More on Greenhouse and House Plants

Easy Care Greenhouse growing

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