Greenhouse and House Plants
- The last greenhouse tomatoes struggle to ripen as the season slips away but it can be surprising how well they still change colour if the weather offers some sunshine.
- Otherwise pick the last of them and ripen them indoors.
- Stop feeding and water only plants that are still in active growth, such as cyclamen, and even then be careful not to over-water.
- Tidy the greenhouse and ventilate on sunny, breezy days.
Fruit, Vegetables and Herbs
- Remove old vegetables as soon as they as finished and do not allow weeds to build up.
- Lift and store potatoes and carrots now for winter use.
- Parsnips generally keep better when left in the ground.
- Prune raspberries, blackcurrants and gooseberries.
- Spring cabbage plants can still be planted and early cauliflower plants can be over-wintered in a cold-frame, if available.
- Cut back asparagus fern and remove weeds if the fern has turned yellow.
- If there is a lot of moss in the lawn, use sulphate of iron mosskiller now if necessary.
- Mow as necessary as long as the soil is not soggy.
- Use an autumn lawn fertilizer soon before it gets too wet.
- Sow a new lawn, or over-sow bare or worn patches in an existing lawn. Use sods from an out-of-the-way corner to patch worn areas and re-seed the area where the sods were lifted.
- Spring bulbs should be planted as soon as possible.
- Cease liquid feeding of pots or hanging baskets as it is now too late to be worthwhile.
- Remove summer bedding plants that have gone over.
- Divide perennial border flowers, or plant new ones, choosing varieties that are easy to look after and need no staking.
- Seeds of annual flowers can still be sown this week into fine soil where they are to flower next summer – an easy and cheap way to have lots of colour, especially in a new garden.
Trees, Shrubs and Roses
- This is the traditional planting season for evergreens of all kinds, just a little ahead of the main season for planting deciduous trees.
- Plant now either from pots or as soon as root-balled plants are available, and, of course, pot-grown deciduous trees and shrubs can be planted too.
- Young trees should be checked for staking if they need it.
- Prune rambler roses.
- Control weeds in rose beds and shrub borders, if necessary.