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Trees, Shrubs and Roses
Bare-root, rootballed or container-grown deciduous trees, hedging and shrubs can be planted, but do not plant in wet conditions. Roses can be pruned late in the year, including bedding roses and climbers, especially in mild areas where this is a very short rest period for roses. Check that young trees are securely staked. Young trees can be pruned to remove badly placed branches. The lower branches of garden trees can be pruned up to allow light to plants underneath.
While bedding plants for spring colour should have been planted by now, wallflowers, pansies and bachelors buttons can still be planted, especially if they are available in pots. Perennial flowers can be divided in the ground is not too sticky. It is not too late to lift dahlias, begonias and gladiolus in cold localities to prevent damage, or cover them with soil in milder areas.
There is not a great deal to be done with the lawn if it is wet but if the soil is firm, it is a good idea to mow the lawn. The winter cold will not greatly upset a lawn and occasional mowing keeps it neat and tidy. Edges can be trimmed to make them look well. Lawn sand or sulphate of iron can be applied to moss.
Fruit, Vegetables and Herbs
Prune fruit trees and bushes now, such as apple and pear trees and blackcurrant bushes and raspberries if not pruned earlier. If possible dig over vegetable ground, removing old crops. Control weeds over areas of ground that will be dug over later. Spread compost before digging it in. Plant new fruit trees and bushes.